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ᐊᕕᒃᑐᖅᓯᒪᓂᖓ: 
ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓗᒻᒥ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᕖᑦ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᑎᔨᖏᑦ (QSO)

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ᖃᓄᐃᑉᐸᓚᐅᕐᓂᖏᑦ: 

ᑲᓇᓐᓇᖓᓃᑦᑐᓂ ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᑉ ᑕᕆᐅᖓᑕ ᑕᓪᓗᕈᑎᑉ ᐃᑳᕈᑎᖓᓂᒃ, ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᒃ ᐊᑦᑎᖅᑕᐅᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᔪᖅ ᖃᓪᓗᓈᑎᑐᑦ ᐊᑎᖓ ᖃᐅᔨᓴᖅᑎᒧᑦ ᔮᓐ ᕌᔅ 1818-ᖑᑎᓪᓗᒍ, ᐊᑦᑎᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᓪᓗᓂᐅᒃ ᔮᓐ ᐹᓐᑦ, ᕗᕆᑎᔅ ᐅᓪᓗᕆᐊᓕᕆᔨ ᕈᐊᔪᓪ ᑕᐃᔅᓱᒪᓂ. ᐃᑦᑕᕐᓂᓴᑦ ᑕᑯᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᐃᓄᖃᖅᐸᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᒻᒪᑦ ᑐᓂᕐᓄᑦ, ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᑕᒪᐅᓈᕐᓂᑰᖃᑦᑕᖅᑐᑎᑦ ᐊᖑᓇᓱᒋᐊᖅᑐᑎᑦ ᒪᓕᑦᑐᒋᑦ ᐊᕐᕌᒍᑉ ᐊᓯᔾᔨᖅᐸᓪᓕᐊᓂᖏᑦ. ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᓪᓕ, ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᐅᓂᕋᖅᑕᐅᕗᖅ, ᓄᓇᓕᒻᒥᐅᑦ ᐊᐃᕙᐅᑎᒐᓗᐊᖅᑎᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᑐᑭᓯᖓᓂᑦ ᐊᑎᖓᑕ. ᑕᓪᓗᕈᑎᐅᑉ ᐃᒪᖓ ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓘᓪᓗ ᐃᒪᖓ ᑲᑎᑦᑐᑎᒃ, ᐅᑭᐅᒃᑯᑦ ᓯᑯᒍᓐᓇᖏᑦᑐᖅ ᓴᕐᕙᐅᓂᖓᓄᑦ, ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᒃ ᐊᕐᕕᓂᐊᕐᕕᐅᕙᑦᑐᒥᓂᒻᒪᕆᐅᕗᖅ 1900−ᖏᓐᓂ, 70−ᐅᔪᑦ ᐅᒥᐊᕐᔪᐊᑦ ᐊᕐᕕᓂᐊᖃᑦᑕᖅᑐᒥᓂᐅᓪᓗᑎᑦ. ᐆᒪᔪᖃᖅᑐᒻᒪᕆᐅᓪᓗᓂ ᐱᓪᓗᒍ ᑕᐅᖅᓰᕕᑖᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᔪᖅ ᑲᐱᑕᐃ ᔭᐃᒥᓯ ᒧᑦᔅ (1903) ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᕌᕗᑦ ᑭᓐᔅ, ᓂᐅᕕᐊᕆᔭᒥᓂᐅᓪᓗᓂ ᑲᐱᑕᐃ ᔫᓯᐱ ᕗᕐᓂᐊᕐ (1910) ᐱᔨᑦᑎᕋᓚᐅᖅᑎᓪᓗᒍ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᒐᕙᒪᒃᑯᓐᓄᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᑉ ᑕᕆᐅᖓᓂ ᐊᖅᑯᑎᒃᑰᖅᑐᒥᓂᐅᓚᐅᖅᑎᓪᓗᒍ. ᕗᕐᓂᐊᕐ ᓂᐅᕕᐊᒃᓴᒥᓂᖏᑦ ᐱᖁᑎᓂ ᑕᐅᖅᓰᔨᒧᑦ ᕼᐃᐊᓐᓄᕆ ᑐᒃ ᒧᓐ 1918-ᖑᑎᓪᓗᒍ, ᓂᐅᕕᕐᕕᖃᖅᑐᒥᓂᐅᓪᓗᓂ ᐊᐅᓚᓪᓗᓂᐅᒃ 1921-ᕈᕋᓱᐊᕐᓂᖓᓂᒃ, ᑕᐃᑲᓂᒃᓴᐃᓐᓇᖅ ᐊᕐᕌᒍᒥ ᕼᐊᑦᓴᓐᔅ ᕙᐃ ᑲᒻᐸᓂᖓ ᓂᐅᕕᕐᕕᑖᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᔪᖅ ᓄᓇᓕᐅᓕᖅᑐᒥᒃ. ᐸᓖᓯᒃᑯᑦ ᐊᓪᓚᕕᑦᑖᖅᑐᑎᓪᓗ ᓂᐅᕕᕐᕕᑉ ᐊᑭᑦᑎᐊᖓᓂ 19220ᖑᑎᓪᓗᒍ, ᐋᓐᓕᑲᓐ−ᒃᑯᑦ ᑕᒪᐅᙵᖅᑐᑎᑦ ᑐᒃᓯᐊᕐᕕᖏᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐃᒃᓯᕋᕐᔪᐊᒃᑯᑦ ᑐᒃᓯᐊᕐᕕᖏᑦ 1929−ᖑᑎᓪᓗᒍ. ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᓄᓇᓕᕋᓛᕐᓃᙶᖅᑐᒥᓂᐅᓕᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᔪᑦ 1960−ᖏᓐᓂ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᒐᕙᒪᒃᑯᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᕕᓕᐅᕐᒪᑕ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᖅᑎᓄᑦ ᓇᔪᒐᖃᕐᕕᓕᐅᖅᑐᑎᑦ 196−ᖑᔪᓄᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᖅᑎᓄᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐃᒡᓗᓕᐅᖅᑐᒥᓂᐅᓪᓗᑎᑦ. ᖃᖓᑕᓲᕐᓄᑦ ᐱᔨᑦᑎᕋᕐᕕᑖᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᒋᕗᖅ 1960−ᖏᓐᓂ ᓯᕗᓪᐹᒥ ᒥᕝᕕᖃᖃᑦᑕᖅᑐᑎᑦ ᓯᑯᒥ, ᑭᖑᓂᐊᒍᑦ ᓄᓇᒥ ᒥᕝᕕᑖᓕᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᔪᑦ. 1970−ᖏᓐᓂ ᐱᓕᕆᐊᖃᕈᒪᔪᒻᒪᕆᐅᓕᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᕿᓂᖅᑐᑎᑦ ᐅᖅᓱᐊᓗᒃᓴᒥᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᒑᓯᒥᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᖃᐅᔨᓴᖅᑕᐅᔾᔪᑎᖏᓐᓂᑦ, ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᖅ ᖃᐅᔨᓴᖅᑕᐅᓂᖓᓄᑦ ᐱᓕᕆᕝᕕᑎᒍᑦ. ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᒃ ᕼᐊᒻᓚᕈᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᔪᖅ ᐄᐳᕈᓪ 1, 1975−ᖑᑎᓪᓗᒍ. ᓄᓇᓕᐅᔪᖅ ᓱᓕ ᐱᕈᖅᐸᓪᓕᐊᖏᓐᓇᖅᑐᖅ, ᒐᕙᒪᒃᑯᓐᓄᑦ ᐊᓪᓚᕝᕕᖃᕐᕕᐅᓂᖓᓄᑦ 1999-ᒥ ᓄᑖᖅ ᓄᓇᕗᕈᕐᒪᑦ, ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐃᓚᖓᒍᑦ ᐅᖅᓱᐊᓗᒃᓴᓂᑦ ᖃᐅᔨᓴᕐᕕᐅᓲᖑᓪᓗᓂ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐊᖏᖅᑕᐅᕋᑖᖅᓯᒪᔪᖅ ᖃᓂᒋᔭᖓᓂ ᐹᕙᓐᓛᓐ ᓴᕕᕋᔭᒃᓴᒥᒃ ᐅᔭᕋᓐᓂᐊᕐᕕᒻᒥ.

 

ᓄᓇᕗᑦ ᒐᕙᒪᖏᑕ (GN) ᐃᖅᑲᓇᐃᔭᖅᑏᑦ ᑐᑭᓯᒋᐊᕐᕕᖓ ᖃᕋᓴᐅᔭᒃᑯᑦ ᐱᐅᔪᒻᒪᕆᖕᓂᒃ ᓱᓇᒃᑯᑖᖃᐅᖅᑐᖅ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᖃᑦᑕᖅᓯᒪᓂᖓᑕ ᓄᓇᕗᑉ ᐊᒻᒪᓗᑦᑕᐅᖅ ᓇᓗᓇᐃᔭᖅᓯᒪᔪᖃᐅᖅᑐᓂ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᖓᓂᒃ ᐊᑐᖃᑦᑕᕐᓂᑯᒥᓂᖏᓐᓂᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐅᖃᖅᓯᒪᓪᓗᑎᑦ ᖃᓄᖅ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᖏᑕ ᑐᙵᕕᖏᑦ ᐊᑐᓕᖅᑎᑕᐅᖃᑦᑕᓕᕐᒪᖔᑕ ᒐᕙᒪᒃᑯᑦ ᐊᐅᓚᓂᖏᓐᓄᑦ ᐱᔨᑦᑎᕋᕈᖏᓐᓄᓪᓗ. ᖃᐅᔨᓴᖅᑕᐅᖁᕙᕗᑦ ᑖᓐᓇ ᖃᕋᓴᐅᔭᒃᑰᖓᔪᖅ ᐊᑐᐃᓐᓇᐅᒪᓕᕐᒥᒍᓂ ᐋᖅᑭᓱᖅᑕᐅᔭᕇᕈᓂ, ᒫᓐᓇᓂ ᑕᑯᓂᐊᕈᓐᓇᖅᑕᐃᑦ ᓄᓇᕗᑦ ᒐᕙᒪᖏᑕ ᖃᕋᓴᐅᔭᒃᑯᑦ ᑐᑭᓯᒋᐊᕐᕕᖓ. http://www.gov.nu.ca/

ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᖅ, ᐅᖃᐅᓯᖅ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓄᓇᓕᖕᒥᑦ ᐃᓅᓯᖅ: 

ᐃᓄᓐᓄᑦ ᓇᔪᖅᑕᐅᖃᑦᑕᕐᓂᑯᑐᖃᐅᓪᓗᓂ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᖃᓪᓗᓈᓄᑦ, ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐱᕙᓪᓕᐊᔪᖃᐃᓐᓇᖅᑐᓂ, ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᒻᒥ ᐃᓅᓯᖓ ᒪᕐᕈᐃᓕᖅᑲᖓᔪᓂᑦ ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᕐᓂᑦ ᐊᑐᓲᑦ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᖓᓂᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓄᑖᑦ ᐱᕙᓪᓕᐊᒍᑎᒋᔭᐅᔪᓂᑦ ᐊᑐᖅᑐᑎᑦ ᓄᓇᕐᔪᐊᕐᒥᐅᓪᓗ ᐱᓕᕆᖃᑎᒌᓲᖑᓂᖏᑎᒍᑦ ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᖃᐅᖅᑐᑎᑦ. ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᕿᒧᒃᓯᖃᐅᓲᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐱᖅᑯᓯᑐᖃᖅᑎᒍᑦ ᐊᖑᓇᓱᐊᓲᑦ ᐃᖃᓗᒐᓱᐊᖅᑐᑎᓪᓗ ᐊᑐᖅᓯᓈᖅᑐᑎᑦ ᐃᑭᐊᖅᑭᔾᔪᑎᓂᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᑲᐃᕗᓕᓐᓂᒃ ᑕᓚᕖᓴᓲᖑᓪᓗᑎᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᑲᑎᒪᖃᑎᖃᖅᑐᑎᑦ ᖃᐅᔨᓴᖅᑎᒻᒪᕆᓂᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓂᐅᕐᕈᐊᓂᑦ ᓄᓇᕐᔪᐊᕐᒦᙶᖅᑐᓂᑦ. ᓇᑎᕐᓇᖅ ᑐᑭᓯᒋᐊᕐᕕᖓ ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᒻᒥᒃ ᑕᑯᒃᓴᐅᑎᑦᑎᒻᒥᔪᑦ ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᕐᒥᒃ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᖃᑦᑕᖅᑐᒥᓂᐅᓂᖓᓂᓪᓗ ᐃᓄᓐᓄᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓄᓇᓕᑉ ᒥᒃᓵᓄᑦ. ᓇᑎᕐᓇᖅ ᓄᓇᓕᓐᓂ ᐃᓐᓇᑐᖃᕐᓄᑦ ᐅᐸᑦᑕᐅᓲᖑᒻᒥᔪᖅ ᑲᑎᕝᕕᐅᓪᓗᓂ, ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᒻᒥᒃ ᑐᖅᑯᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᓂᑦ ᑕᐃᑲᓃᑦᑐᖃᖅᑐᓂ, ᐱᓕᕆᐊᓕᒃ ᓄᐊᑦᑎᓲᖑᓪᓗᑎᑦ ᐊᔾᔨᙳᐊᑐᖃᕐᓂᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐅᓂᒃᑳᖅᑐᐊᓂᑦ ᖃᐅᔨᓴᓲᑦ ᓇᓗᓇᐃᖅᓯᓇᓱᐊᖅᑐᑎᑦ ᑖᒃᑯᓂᖓ ᐊᔾᔨᙳᐊᓂᑦ. ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᒃ ᐅᖃᓕᒫᒐᖃᕐᕕᖓᓂ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᑐᖅᑯᐃᔩᑦ ᑲᑐᔾᔨᖃᑎᒌᖏᑦ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᑐᐃᓲᖑᒻᒥᔪᑦ ᑕᒪᒃᑮᓐᓂᒃ ᑐᖅᑯᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᓂᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓄᐊᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᒻᒪᕆᓂᒃ ᑎᑎᕋᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᑐᖃᕐᓂᑦ ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᑉ ᒥᒃᓵᓅᖓᔪᓂᑦ, ᕇᐱᑲ ᐱ. ᐃᓪᓚᐅᖅ ᐅᖃᓕᒫᒐᖃᕐᕕᖓᓂ.

 

ᐊᒥᓱᑦ ᕿᑭᖅᑕᓂ ᓄᓇᓖᑦ ᑕᐃᒪᐃᒻᒥᒻᒪᑕ, ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑑᕐᓂᖅᓴᐅᔪᑦ ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᖕᒥ. 2011-ᒥ ᑭᓪᓕᓯᓂᐊᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᓂᑯᑦ ᒪᓕᑦᑐᒋᑦ, 91%−ᖑᔪᑦ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᖃᕐᓂᕋᖅᓯᒪᕗᑦ, ᐊᒻᒪᓗ 89%−ᖑᔪᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᕆᖅᑳᖅᓯᒪᓪᓗᓂᐅᒃ ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ ᐊᖏᕐᕋᒥ ᐅᖃᓪᓚᓲᖑᓂᕋᖅᑐᑦ, 2%−ᖑᔪᓪᓕ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᕆᔭᐅᒃᑲᓂᖅᑐᓂ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᓲᖑᓂᕋᖅᑐᖅ. ᖃᑦᑏᓐᓇᑯᓘᒐᓗᐊᖅᑎᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᐅᐃᕖᑎᑑᓲᑦ ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᖕᒥ, ᖃᓪᓗᓈᑎᑐᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᕆᔭᐅᒃᑲᓂᖅᑎᓪᓗᒍ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᓲᖅ 81%−ᖑᔪᓄᑦ ᐃᓄᓐᓄᑦ. 25%−ᖏᑦ ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᖕᒥᐅᑦ ᖃᓪᓗᓇᐅᔭᓲᖑᑎᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᕆᔭᐅᖅᑳᖅᑐᓂᓗ ᐅᕝᕙᓘᓐᓃᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᕆᔭᐅᒃᑲᓐᓂᕋᓗᐊᖅᑎᓪᓗᒍ ᐊᖏᕋᒥᓂ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᓲᖅ. ᐊᒥᓲᓂᖅᓴᐃᑦ ᐃᓄᖏᑦ (18%−ᖑᔪᑦ), ᖃᓪᓗᓇᐅᔭᕈᓐᓇᖏᑦᑐᑦ ᐅᐃᕖᑎᑐᓪᓗ, ᑐᑭᓕᒃ ᑕᒪᐅᙵᕆᐅᕋᑕᖅᑐᑦ ᓂᐅᕐᕈᐊᓪᓗ ᐃᓛᓐᓂᒃᑯᑦ ᖃᓪᓗᓇᐅᔭᓲᕐᒥᒃ ᓇᓂᓯᒋᐊᖃᓲᑦ ᑐᓵᔨᒋᓂᐊᖅᑕᒥᓂᒃ ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑑᖅᑐᑦ ᖃᓪᓗᓈᑎᑑᓕᖅᓱᖅᑕᐅᑲᐅᑎᒋᓂᐊᕋᓱᒋᔭᐅᓂᐊᙱᑦᑐᑦ ᖃᓪᓗᓇᐅᔭᓲᕐᒥᒃ ᑕᒫᓃᑦᑐᖃᕈᓗᒻᒪᑦ. ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᖏᑦ ᐊᔾᔨᒌᙱᑐᒡᒍᑕᐅᒻᒪᑕ ᓄᓇᕗᒥ, ᑕᐃᒪᐃᓐᓂᖓᓄᑦ ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑑᓲᖑᓐᓂᕈᕕᑦ ᐊᓯᐊᓂᑦ ᓄᓇᓕᐅᔪᒥ, ᐅᐸᓗᖓᐃᖅᓯᒪᒋᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᓗᑎᑦ ᐊᓯᐊᓂᒃ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᕐᒥᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓲᕐᓗᖃᐃ ᓄᓇᓕᒻᒥᐅᑦ ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑑᖅᑕᒥᓂᒃ ᐊᑐᖔᖁᔨᓗᑎᑦ ᐊᔪᕆᖅᓱᐃᔾᔨᒐᔭᖅᑐᑦ. ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᖏᑦ (ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐃᓄᐃᓐᓇᖅᑐᓐ), ᖃᓪᓗᓈᑎᑐᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐅᐃᕖᑎᑐᑦ ᑕᒪᐃᓐᓂ ᐃᓕᓴᕆᔭᐅᓯᒪᕗᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓰᑦ ᓄᓇᕗᒥ, ᑕᐃᒪᐃᓐᓂᖓᓄᑦ ᐱᔪᓐᓇᐅᑎᖃᖅᐳᑎᑦ ᒐᕙᒪᒃᑯᓐᓄᑦ ᐱᔨᑦᑎᖅᑕᐅᔪᒪᓗᑎᑦ ᐃᓕᓴᕆᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᖅ ᐅᖃᐅᓰᑦ ᐊᑐᕈᒪᔭᐃᑦ ᒪᓕᓪᓗᒍ.

 

ᒪᕐᕉᒻᒪᑎᒃ ᑐᒃᓯᐊᕐᕖᒃ ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᒻᒥ, ᐃᔾᔪᓇᐃᑦᑐᖅ ᑎᒧᑎ ᐋᓐᓕᑲᓐ ᑐᒃᓯᐊᕐᕕᖓ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᔩᓱᓯ ᐆᒻᒪᑎᖓ ᐃᒃᓯᕋᕐᔪᐊᑦ ᑐᒃᓯᐊᕐᕕᖓ. ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᒃ ᐊᒥᓱᓄᑦ ᐊᕐᕌᒍᓄᑦ ᓇᔪᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᔪᖅ ᐊᑖᑕ ᒐᐃ−ᒥᐊᕆ ᕈᓯᓕᐅᕐ o.m.i., ᐃᒃᓯᕋᕐᔪᐊᒃᑯᑦ ᐊᔪᕆᖅᓱᐃᔨᖓ ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᕐᓂᑦ ᑎᑎᕋᖅᑎᐅᕙᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᓪᓗᓂ ᐃᑦᑕᕐᓂᓴᓕᕆᔨᐅᕙᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᓪᓗᓂᓗ. “ᐊᑖᑕ ᒥᐊᕆ” ᐃᓅᒍᓐᓃᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᔪᖅ ᐃᒡᓗᖓ ᐃᑭᒻᒪᑦ 1994-ᖑᑎᓪᓗᒍ, ᑭᓯᐊᓂᓕ ᐊᒥᓱᑦ ᑎᑎᕋᖅᓯᒪᔭᖏᑦ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᖓᓂ ᐱᔾᔪᑎᓖᑦ ᐃᑦᑕᕐᓂᓴᐃᓪᓗ ᑕᐃᑲᓃᑦᑐᑦ ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᑉ ᐃᑦᑕᕐᓂᓴᖃᕐᕕᖓᓂ ᑐᖅᑯᐃᕕᒻᒥ.

 

ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᒻᒥ, ᑕᐃᒪᐃᒻᒥᒻᒪᑕ ᐊᒥᓱᑦ ᓄᓇᕗᒥ ᓄᓇᓖᑦ, ᒪᒃᑯᑦᑐᒡᒍᑕᐅᔪᑦ ᐃᓄᖏᑦ. 2011-ᒥ ᑭᓪᓕᓯᓂᐊᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᓈᓴᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ 220−ᖑᓚᐅᖅᑐᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕆᐊᓕᓵᓲᑦ ᓱᕈᓯᓛᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ 420 ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕆᐊᓲᑦ ᓱᕈᓰᑦ, 41%−ᖑᓪᓗᑎᑦ ᐃᓄᖏᑦ ᐅᑭᐅᓖᑦ 18−ᓂ ᑐᖔᓂ. ᐅᑭᐅᕆᔭᐅᓗᐊᖅᑐᑦ 22.5, ᑭᓯᐊᓂᓕ 3%−ᑐᐃᓐᓇᑯᓗᐃᑦ ᐊᒥᓲᓂᖏᑦ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᐅᑭᐅᓖᑦ 65-ᓂᑦ ᐅᖓᑖᓄᓪᓗ.

 

ᑮᓇᐅᔾᔭᒃᓴᕈᑕᐅᔪᑦ: 

ᐃᓄᓐᓄᑦ ᓇᔪᖅᑕᐅᖃᑦᑕᕐᓂᑯᑐᖃᐅᓪᓗᓂ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᖃᓪᓗᓈᓄᑦ, ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐱᕙᓪᓕᐊᔪᖃᐃᓐᓇᖅᑐᓂ, ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᒻᒥ ᐃᓅᓯᖓ ᒪᕐᕈᐃᓕᖅᑲᖓᔪᓂᑦ ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᕐᓂᑦ ᐊᑐᓲᑦ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᖓᓂᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓄᑖᑦ ᐱᕙᓪᓕᐊᒍᑎᒋᔭᐅᔪᓂᑦ ᐊᑐᖅᑐᑎᑦ ᓄᓇᕐᔪᐊᕐᒥᐅᓪᓗ ᐱᓕᕆᖃᑎᒌᓲᖑᓂᖏᑎᒍᑦ ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᖃᐅᖅᑐᑎᑦ. ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᕿᒧᒃᓯᖃᐅᓲᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐱᖅᑯᓯᑐᖃᖅᑎᒍᑦ ᐊᖑᓇᓱᐊᓲᑦ ᐃᖃᓗᒐᓱᐊᖅᑐᑎᓪᓗ ᐊᑐᖅᓯᓈᖅᑐᑎᑦ ᐃᑭᐊᖅᑭᔾᔪᑎᓂᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᑲᐃᕗᓕᓐᓂᒃ ᑕᓚᕖᓴᓲᖑᓪᓗᑎᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᑲᑎᒪᖃᑎᖃᖅᑐᑎᑦ ᖃᐅᔨᓴᖅᑎᒻᒪᕆᓂᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓂᐅᕐᕈᐊᓂᑦ ᓄᓇᕐᔪᐊᕐᒦᙶᖅᑐᓂᑦ. ᓇᑎᕐᓇᖅ ᑐᑭᓯᒋᐊᕐᕕᖓ ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᒻᒥᒃ ᑕᑯᒃᓴᐅᑎᑦᑎᒻᒥᔪᑦ ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᕐᒥᒃ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᖃᑦᑕᖅᑐᒥᓂᐅᓂᖓᓂᓪᓗ ᐃᓄᓐᓄᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓄᓇᓕᑉ ᒥᒃᓵᓄᑦ. ᓇᑎᕐᓇᖅ ᓄᓇᓕᓐᓂ ᐃᓐᓇᑐᖃᕐᓄᑦ ᐅᐸᑦᑕᐅᓲᖑᒻᒥᔪᖅ ᑲᑎᕝᕕᐅᓪᓗᓂ, ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᒻᒥᒃ ᑐᖅᑯᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᓂᑦ ᑕᐃᑲᓃᑦᑐᖃᖅᑐᓂ, ᐱᓕᕆᐊᓕᒃ ᓄᐊᑦᑎᓲᖑᓪᓗᑎᑦ ᐊᔾᔨᙳᐊᑐᖃᕐᓂᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐅᓂᒃᑳᖅᑐᐊᓂᑦ ᖃᐅᔨᓴᓲᑦ ᓇᓗᓇᐃᖅᓯᓇᓱᐊᖅᑐᑎᑦ ᑖᒃᑯᓂᖓ ᐊᔾᔨᙳᐊᓂᑦ. ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᒃ ᐅᖃᓕᒫᒐᖃᕐᕕᖓᓂ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᑐᖅᑯᐃᔩᑦ ᑲᑐᔾᔨᖃᑎᒌᖏᑦ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᑐᐃᓲᖑᒻᒥᔪᑦ ᑕᒪᒃᑮᓐᓂᒃ ᑐᖅᑯᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᓂᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓄᐊᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᒻᒪᕆᓂᒃ ᑎᑎᕋᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᑐᖃᕐᓂᑦ ᐅᑭᐅᖅᑕᖅᑐᑉ ᒥᒃᓵᓅᖓᔪᓂᑦ, ᕇᐱᑲ ᐱ. ᐃᓪᓚᐅᖅ ᐅᖃᓕᒫᒐᖃᕐᕕᖓᓂ.

 

ᐊᒥᓱᑦ ᕿᑭᖅᑕᓂ ᓄᓇᓖᑦ ᑕᐃᒪᐃᒻᒥᒻᒪᑕ, ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑑᕐᓂᖅᓴᐅᔪᑦ ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᖕᒥ. 2011-ᒥ ᑭᓪᓕᓯᓂᐊᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᓂᑯᑦ ᒪᓕᑦᑐᒋᑦ, 91%−ᖑᔪᑦ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᖃᕐᓂᕋᖅᓯᒪᕗᑦ, ᐊᒻᒪᓗ 89%−ᖑᔪᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᕆᖅᑳᖅᓯᒪᓪᓗᓂᐅᒃ ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ ᐊᖏᕐᕋᒥ ᐅᖃᓪᓚᓲᖑᓂᕋᖅᑐᑦ, 2%−ᖑᔪᓪᓕ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᕆᔭᐅᒃᑲᓂᖅᑐᓂ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᓲᖑᓂᕋᖅᑐᖅ. ᖃᑦᑏᓐᓇᑯᓘᒐᓗᐊᖅᑎᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᐅᐃᕖᑎᑑᓲᑦ ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᖕᒥ, ᖃᓪᓗᓈᑎᑐᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᕆᔭᐅᒃᑲᓂᖅᑎᓪᓗᒍ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᓲᖅ 81%−ᖑᔪᓄᑦ ᐃᓄᓐᓄᑦ. 25%−ᖏᑦ ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᖕᒥᐅᑦ ᖃᓪᓗᓇᐅᔭᓲᖑᑎᓪᓗᒋᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᕆᔭᐅᖅᑳᖅᑐᓂᓗ ᐅᕝᕙᓘᓐᓃᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᕆᔭᐅᒃᑲᓐᓂᕋᓗᐊᖅᑎᓪᓗᒍ ᐊᖏᕋᒥᓂ ᐊᑐᖅᑕᐅᓲᖅ. ᐊᒥᓲᓂᖅᓴᐃᑦ ᐃᓄᖏᑦ (18%−ᖑᔪᑦ), ᖃᓪᓗᓇᐅᔭᕈᓐᓇᖏᑦᑐᑦ ᐅᐃᕖᑎᑐᓪᓗ, ᑐᑭᓕᒃ ᑕᒪᐅᙵᕆᐅᕋᑕᖅᑐᑦ ᓂᐅᕐᕈᐊᓪᓗ ᐃᓛᓐᓂᒃᑯᑦ ᖃᓪᓗᓇᐅᔭᓲᕐᒥᒃ ᓇᓂᓯᒋᐊᖃᓲᑦ ᑐᓵᔨᒋᓂᐊᖅᑕᒥᓂᒃ ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑑᖅᑐᑦ ᖃᓪᓗᓈᑎᑑᓕᖅᓱᖅᑕᐅᑲᐅᑎᒋᓂᐊᕋᓱᒋᔭᐅᓂᐊᙱᑦᑐᑦ ᖃᓪᓗᓇᐅᔭᓲᕐᒥᒃ ᑕᒫᓃᑦᑐᖃᕈᓗᒻᒪᑦ. ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᖏᑦ ᐊᔾᔨᒌᙱᑐᒡᒍᑕᐅᒻᒪᑕ ᓄᓇᕗᒥ, ᑕᐃᒪᐃᓐᓂᖓᓄᑦ ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑑᓲᖑᓐᓂᕈᕕᑦ ᐊᓯᐊᓂᑦ ᓄᓇᓕᐅᔪᒥ, ᐅᐸᓗᖓᐃᖅᓯᒪᒋᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕐᓗᑎᑦ ᐊᓯᐊᓂᒃ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᕐᒥᒃ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓲᕐᓗᖃᐃ ᓄᓇᓕᒻᒥᐅᑦ ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑑᖅᑕᒥᓂᒃ ᐊᑐᖔᖁᔨᓗᑎᑦ ᐊᔪᕆᖅᓱᐃᔾᔨᒐᔭᖅᑐᑦ. ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓯᖏᑦ (ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐃᓄᐃᓐᓇᖅᑐᓐ), ᖃᓪᓗᓈᑎᑐᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐅᐃᕖᑎᑐᑦ ᑕᒪᐃᓐᓂ ᐃᓕᓴᕆᔭᐅᓯᒪᕗᑦ ᐅᖃᐅᓰᑦ ᓄᓇᕗᒥ, ᑕᐃᒪᐃᓐᓂᖓᓄᑦ ᐱᔪᓐᓇᐅᑎᖃᖅᐳᑎᑦ ᒐᕙᒪᒃᑯᓐᓄᑦ ᐱᔨᑦᑎᖅᑕᐅᔪᒪᓗᑎᑦ ᐃᓕᓴᕆᔭᐅᓯᒪᔪᖅ ᐅᖃᐅᓰᑦ ᐊᑐᕈᒪᔭᐃᑦ ᒪᓕᓪᓗᒍ.

 

ᒪᕐᕉᒻᒪᑎᒃ ᑐᒃᓯᐊᕐᕖᒃ ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᒻᒥ, ᐃᔾᔪᓇᐃᑦᑐᖅ ᑎᒧᑎ ᐋᓐᓕᑲᓐ ᑐᒃᓯᐊᕐᕕᖓ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᔩᓱᓯ ᐆᒻᒪᑎᖓ ᐃᒃᓯᕋᕐᔪᐊᑦ ᑐᒃᓯᐊᕐᕕᖓ. ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᒃ ᐊᒥᓱᓄᑦ ᐊᕐᕌᒍᓄᑦ ᓇᔪᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᔪᖅ ᐊᑖᑕ ᒐᐃ−ᒥᐊᕆ ᕈᓯᓕᐅᕐ o.m.i., ᐃᒃᓯᕋᕐᔪᐊᒃᑯᑦ ᐊᔪᕆᖅᓱᐃᔨᖓ ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᕐᓂᑦ ᑎᑎᕋᖅᑎᐅᕙᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᓪᓗᓂ ᐃᑦᑕᕐᓂᓴᓕᕆᔨᐅᕙᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᓪᓗᓂᓗ. “ᐊᑖᑕ ᒥᐊᕆ” ᐃᓅᒍᓐᓃᓚᐅᖅᓯᒪᔪᖅ ᐃᒡᓗᖓ ᐃᑭᒻᒪᑦ 1994-ᖑᑎᓪᓗᒍ, ᑭᓯᐊᓂᓕ ᐊᒥᓱᑦ ᑎᑎᕋᖅᓯᒪᔭᖏᑦ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᐃᓕᖅᑯᓯᖓᓂ ᐱᔾᔪᑎᓖᑦ ᐃᑦᑕᕐᓂᓴᐃᓪᓗ ᑕᐃᑲᓃᑦᑐᑦ ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᑉ ᐃᑦᑕᕐᓂᓴᖃᕐᕕᖓᓂ ᑐᖅᑯᐃᕕᒻᒥ.

 

ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᒻᒥ, ᑕᐃᒪᐃᒻᒥᒻᒪᑕ ᐊᒥᓱᑦ ᓄᓇᕗᒥ ᓄᓇᓖᑦ, ᒪᒃᑯᑦᑐᒡᒍᑕᐅᔪᑦ ᐃᓄᖏᑦ. 2011-ᒥ ᑭᓪᓕᓯᓂᐊᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ ᓈᓴᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᔪᑦ 220−ᖑᓚᐅᖅᑐᑦ ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕆᐊᓕᓵᓲᑦ ᓱᕈᓯᓛᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ 420 ᐃᓕᓐᓂᐊᕆᐊᓲᑦ ᓱᕈᓰᑦ, 41%−ᖑᓪᓗᑎᑦ ᐃᓄᖏᑦ ᐅᑭᐅᓖᑦ 18−ᓂ ᑐᖔᓂ. ᐅᑭᐅᕆᔭᐅᓗᐊᖅᑐᑦ 22.5, ᑭᓯᐊᓂᓕ 3%−ᑐᐃᓐᓇᑯᓗᐃᑦ ᐊᒥᓲᓂᖏᑦ ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᐅᑭᐅᓖᑦ 65-ᓂᑦ ᐅᖓᑖᓄᓪᓗ.

ᐆᒪᔪᐃᑦ: 

ᐆᒪᔪᓕᒻᒪᕆᐅᒻᒪᑦ ᒥᑦᑎᒪᑕᓕᒃ ᑐᑦᑕᕐᕕᒋᔭᐅᖃᑦᑕᖅᓯᒪᔪᑐᖃᐅᕗᖅ ᖃᓄᐃᓕᐅᕈᑕᐅᔪᓄᑦ ᐊᖑᓇᓱᒃᑎᓄᑦ, ᓲᕐᓗᒃ ᐊᖑᓇᓱᐊᖅᑐᑦ ᐊᕐᕕᓂᐊᖅᑐᓪᓗ, ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᒫᓐᓇᓕᓴᐅᓂᖅᓴᑦ, ᐆᒪᔪᕐᓂᑦ ᑕᐅᑐᒋᐊᖅᑐᖃᑦᑕᓕᖅᑐᑦ. ᓄᓇᓕᐅᔪᖅ ᐃᓯᕐᕕᐅᒋᕗᖅ ᑕᓪᓗᕈᑎᑉ ᐊᖅᑯᑎᖓ ᑕᕆᐅᒃᑯᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓄᓇᖓ ᐊᔾᔨᒌᙱᑦᑐᓂᑦ ᐆᒪᔪᖃᐅᓲᖅ ᐊᕐᕌᒍᓕᒫᕐᒥ. ᓴᕐᕙᐃᑦ (ᓯᑯᕙᙱᑦᑐᑦ ᐅᑭᐅᖑᒐᓗᐊᕐᒥ) ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓯᑯ ᓅᖃᑦᑕᐃᓇᕐᓂᖓ ᐋᔪᕋᓕᕐᔪᐊᕌᓘᑎᑦᑎᓲᖅ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᐃᑦ ᑕᒫᓃᒍᓐᓇᖅᑐᑎᑦ, ᓲᕐᓗᒃ ᑑᒑᓖᑦ, ᓇᑦᑏᑦ, ᕿᓚᓗᒐᐃᑦ, ᐊᐃᕖᑦ, ᐃᖃᓗᐃᑦ, ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓇᓄᐃᑦ. ᑐᒃᑐᐃᓪᓗ ᓄᓇᖅᐸᓯᒻᒦᓲᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗᑦᑕᐅᖅ ᒥᑭᔫᑕᐅᓂᖅᓴᐃᑦ ᐆᒪᔪᐃᑦ, ᓲᕐᓗᒃ ᐊᒪᕈᐃᑦ, ᑎᕆᒐᓂᐊᑦ, ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᐊᕕᙵᐃᑦ. ᑎᖕᒥᐊᓪᓗ ᐊᒥᓲᕗᑦ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓴᓐᓂᕈᑎ, ᓄᓇᓕᑉ ᐊᑭᑦᑎᐊᖓᓃᑦᑐᖅ, ᑎᖕᒥᐊᓄᑦ ᓴᓂᕐᕙᖅᑕᐅᓯᒪᕗᖅ ᓴᐳᔾᔭᐅᓪᓗᓂ ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ ᒥᕐᖑᐃᓯᕐᕕᐅᓪᓗᓂ. ᑕᒪᓐᓇ ᐃᑲᔪᖅᑐᐃᓂᖃᑐᐃᓐᓇᖏᑦᑐᖅ ᐃᓐᓈᕈᒥᐅᑕᕐᓂᑦ ᑎᖕᒥᐊᓂᑦ ᑕᕆᐅᕐᒥᐅᑕᓂᑦ, ᓲᕐᓗᒃ ᐊᒃᐸᐃᑦ, ᑎᕋᑎᕋᑦ, ᑭᒡᒐᕕᐊᕐᔪᑦ, ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᓇᐅᔭᐃᑦ, ᑭᓯᐊᓂᓗ ᐊᒥᓱᒻᒪᕇᑦ ᓂᕐᓖᑦ ᑕᒫᓃᓲᑦ, ᐊᒻᒪᓗ ᒥᑭᓂᖅᓴᐃᑦ ᖁᐸᓄᐊᑦ ᑕᒪᐅᙵᕐᓂᑰᔪᑦ ᓯᕿᓐᓂᓕᕐᓂᖓᓄᑦ.

ᐅᖃᓕᒫᑲᓐᓂᕐᓃᑦ : 
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  • Dorais, Louis-Jacques. The language of the Inuit: syntax, semantics and society in the Arctic. Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2010.
  • Eber, Dorothy Harley. When the whalers were up North. Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1989
  • Issenman, Betty Kobayashi. Sinews of Survival: the living legacy of Inuit clothing. Vancouver: UBC Press, 1997.
  • MacDonald, John. The Arctic sky: Inuit astronomy, star lore and legend. Iqaluit & Toronto: Nunavut Research Institute and Royal Ontario Museum, 1998.
  • McGhee, Robert. The last imaginary place: a human history of the Arctic world. Toronto: Key Porter Books, Canadian Museum of Civilization, 2004.
  • Morrison, David and Georges-Hébert Germain. Inuit: glimpses of an Arctic past. Hull: Canadian Museum of Civilization, 1995.
  • Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada. The Inuit way: a guide to Inuit culture, rev. ed. Ottawa: Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada, 2006. http://www.uqar.ca/files/boreas/inuitway_e.pdf
  • Rowley, Graham W.: Cold comfort: my love affair with the Arctic. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1996.
  • Wachowich, Nancy. Saqiyuq: stories from the lives of three Inuit women. Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1999.